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国家发展改革委印发《“十四五”生物经济发展规划》

2022-05-26 16:05

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当(dang)前(qian),生(sheng)命(ming)(ming)科(ke)学基础(chu)前(qian)沿研(yan)究持续活跃,生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)技(ji)术(shu)革(ge)命(ming)(ming)浪潮席卷(juan)全(quan)球并加速融入经(jing)(jing)济社会发(fa)(fa)展(zhan),为人(ren)类应对生(sheng)命(ming)(ming)健康、气候变化、资源能源安(an)全(quan)、粮食安(an)全(quan)等重大挑战提(ti)供了(le)崭新(xin)的解决方案。“十四五(wu)”规(gui)划《纲要(yao)》明确提(ti)出(chu),推(tui)动生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)技(ji)术(shu)和(he)信息技(ji)术(shu)融合创(chuang)新(xin),加快(kuai)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)医药(yao)、生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)育种、生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)材料、生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)能源等产(chan)业(ye),做大做强生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)经(jing)(jing)济。为深入贯(guan)彻落实党中央、国务院(yuan)决策部署,科(ke)学规(gui)划和(he)系(xi)统推(tui)进我(wo)国生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)经(jing)(jing)济高质量(liang)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan),经(jing)(jing)报请国务院(yuan)同意,国家发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)改革(ge)委印发(fa)(fa)《“十四五(wu)”生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)经(jing)(jing)济发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)规(gui)划》(以下(xia)简(jian)称(cheng)《规(gui)划》)。

《规划》提出,生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)经济以(yi)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)命科(ke)学(xue)和(he)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)技(ji)术(shu)的(de)发展进步为动力,以(yi)保(bao)(bao)护开(kai)发利(li)用生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)资源(yuan)为基础,以(yi)广泛深度融合(he)医(yi)药、健康、农(nong)业(ye)、林业(ye)、能(neng)源(yuan)、环保(bao)(bao)、材料等产业(ye)为特(te)征。《规划》明(ming)确,发展生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)经济是(shi)顺(shun)应全球生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)技(ji)术(shu)加(jia)速演进趋(qu)势、实现高水平(ping)pg电子自立自强的(de)重要(yao)方向,是(shi)前瞻布局培育壮大生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)产业(ye)、推(tui)动经济高质量发展的(de)重要(yao)举措,是(shi)满足生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)命健康需求快速增长、满足人民(min)对美好生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)活向往的(de)重要(yao)内容,是(shi)加(jia)强国家生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安全风(feng)险防控(kong)、推(tui)进国家治理体系和(he)治理能(neng)力现代化的(de)重要(yao)保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)。

《规划》提出了生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)经济(ji)发(fa)展(zhan)5项原则(ze):一(yi)是坚持(chi)创新驱动。加(jia)快推(tui)进生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)pg电子(zi)创新和产(chan)(chan)业(ye)化应用(yong),打造国(guo)家生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)技(ji)术(shu)战略pg电子(zi)力量,实现pg电子(zi)自(zi)立(li)自(zi)强,提升产(chan)(chan)业(ye)链供应链安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)稳定水平(ping)。二是坚持(chi)系(xi)统推(tui)进。推(tui)动有效市场和有为政府(fu)更好结合(he),加(jia)快生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)技(ji)术(shu)向多领域(yu)广泛融合(he)赋能,加(jia)快培育生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)领域(yu)新技(ji)术(shu)、新产(chan)(chan)业(ye)、新业(ye)态、新模式。三是坚持(chi)合(he)作(zuo)(zuo)共(gong)(gong)赢(ying)(ying)。集聚(ju)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)球生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)创新资源(yuan),积极(ji)参(can)与全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)球生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)治(zhi)理,推(tui)动生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)命科学、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)技(ji)术(shu)双边和多边国(guo)际合(he)作(zuo)(zuo),实现生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)经济(ji)效益互(hu)利共(gong)(gong)赢(ying)(ying)。四(si)是坚持(chi)造福人(ren)民。恪守人(ren)与自(zi)然和谐(xie)共(gong)(gong)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)客观规律,更好满足人(ren)民群众日益增(zeng)长的美好生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)活(huo)需要。五(wu)是坚持(chi)风(feng)险(xian)可控(kong)。贯彻(che)总体国(guo)家安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)观,落实生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)法,加(jia)强国(guo)家生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)风(feng)险(xian)防控(kong)和治(zhi)理体系(xi)建设,提高国(guo)家生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)保障(zhang)能力。

《规划》明确(que)了生(sheng)物(wu)经济4大重点发展(zhan)(zhan)领域(yu)。一是顺(shun)(shun)应“以治病为(wei)中(zhong)心(xin)”转(zhuan)向(xiang)(xiang)“以健(jian)康(kang)为(wei)中(zhong)心(xin)”的(de)(de)(de)新(xin)趋势,发展(zhan)(zhan)面向(xiang)(xiang)人民生(sheng)命(ming)健(jian)康(kang)的(de)(de)(de)生(sheng)物(wu)医药。二是顺(shun)(shun)应“解(jie)决温饱”转(zhuan)向(xiang)(xiang)“营养多元”的(de)(de)(de)新(xin)趋势,发展(zhan)(zhan)面向(xiang)(xiang)农业现代化(hua)的(de)(de)(de)生(sheng)物(wu)农业。三是顺(shun)(shun)应“追求(qiu)产(chan)能(neng)产(chan)效”转(zhuan)向(xiang)(xiang)“坚持(chi)生(sheng)态优先”的(de)(de)(de)新(xin)趋势,发展(zhan)(zhan)面向(xiang)(xiang)绿(lv)色低(di)碳的(de)(de)(de)生(sheng)物(wu)质替代应用。四是顺(shun)(shun)应“被动(dong)防御”转(zhuan)向(xiang)(xiang)“主(zhu)动(dong)保障”的(de)(de)(de)新(xin)趋势,加强(qiang)国家生(sheng)物(wu)安全风险防控和治理体系建设(she)。

《规划》提出了生物经济发(fa)(fa)(fa)展阶段目标(biao):到2025年,生物经济成为推动高质量(liang)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展的强劲动力(li)(li),总量(liang)规模迈上新(xin)(xin)台(tai)阶,pg电(dian)子综合(he)实(shi)(shi)力(li)(li)得(de)到新(xin)(xin)提升,产业融合(he)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展实(shi)(shi)现新(xin)(xin)跨(kua)越,生物安全保障能力(li)(li)达(da)到新(xin)(xin)水平,政(zheng)策环境开创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)局面(mian)。到2035年,按(an)照基本实(shi)(shi)现社会主义现代化(hua)的要(yao)求,我国生物经济综合(he)实(shi)(shi)力(li)(li)稳居国际前列(lie),基本形成技术水平领先、产业实(shi)(shi)力(li)(li)雄厚、融合(he)应用广泛、资源(yuan)保障有力(li)(li)、安全风(feng)险可控(kong)、制(zhi)度(du)体系完备的发(fa)(fa)(fa)展新(xin)(xin)局面(mian)。

《规划》部(bu)署了生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)经(jing)济发(fa)(fa)(fa)展5方(fang)面重点任务:一是(shi)(shi)大(da)力(li)夯实生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)经(jing)济创(chuang)新基础。加(jia)(jia)(jia)快(kuai)提升生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)技术创(chuang)新能(neng)(neng)力(li),培育(yu)(yu)壮大(da)竞(jing)争力(li)强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)的(de)(de)创(chuang)新主(zhu)体(ti),优化(hua)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)经(jing)济创(chuang)新发(fa)(fa)(fa)展的(de)(de)区(qu)域布局,深(shen)化(hua)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)经(jing)济创(chuang)新合作。二是(shi)(shi)培育(yu)(yu)壮大(da)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)经(jing)济支柱产业(ye)。加(jia)(jia)(jia)快(kuai)推(tui)动(dong)医疗健康、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)农业(ye)、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)与生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)环保、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)信(xin)(xin)息产业(ye)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展。三是(shi)(shi)积极推(tui)进生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)资源(yuan)保护(hu)(hu)利用。加(jia)(jia)(jia)大(da)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)资源(yuan)保护(hu)(hu)力(li)度,健全(quan)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)资源(yuan)开发(fa)(fa)(fa)利用体(ti)系(xi)(xi),规范生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)资源(yuan)安(an)(an)全(quan)共享。四(si)是(shi)(shi)加(jia)(jia)(jia)快(kuai)建(jian)(jian)设生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)保障体(ti)系(xi)(xi)。健全(quan)完(wan)善(shan)基础保障体(ti)系(xi)(xi),加(jia)(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)重大(da)疫情防(fang)控(kong)体(ti)系(xi)(xi)建(jian)(jian)设,切实筑牢国家生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)屏障。五是(shi)(shi)努(nu)力(li)优化(hua)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)领域政策环境(jing)。完(wan)善(shan)市(shi)场准入(ru)政策,扩大(da)市(shi)场应用空间(jian),加(jia)(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)知识产权(quan)保护(hu)(hu),加(jia)(jia)(jia)大(da)财政投入(ru)力(li)度,强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)化(hua)金(jin)融(rong)(rong)支撑服(fu)务,加(jia)(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)人才梯队建(jian)(jian)设,加(jia)(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)国际交流合作,推(tui)动(dong)政策先行先试(shi)。同时,《规划》提出了创(chuang)新能(neng)(neng)力(li)提升、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)医药技术惠民、现代(dai)种业(ye)提升、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)环保产业(ye)示范、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)技术与信(xin)(xin)息技术融(rong)(rong)合应用、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)资源(yuan)保藏开发(fa)(fa)(fa)、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)经(jing)济先导区(qu)建(jian)(jian)设7项重大(da)工(gong)程。

《规(gui)划》要(yao)求,国家发(fa)展改革(ge)委牵(qian)头健全各有(you)关部门共同参与的(de)协调机制(zhi),切实(shi)抓好(hao)(hao)督导评估(gu),统筹推动生物经(jing)济(ji)发(fa)展重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)大规(gui)划、重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)大改革(ge)、重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)大政策和重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)大工程(cheng)。各地区(qu)、各部门要(yao)高度(du)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)视生物经(jing)济(ji)发(fa)展工作,健全工作机制(zhi),细化政策措施(shi),切实(shi)抓好(hao)(hao)《规(gui)划》落实(shi);要(yao)加强科普宣传和政策解读(du),营造有(you)利(li)于生物经(jing)济(ji)健康发(fa)展的(de)良好(hao)(hao)氛围。

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